Climate change represents one of the greatest challenges that humanity will have to face in the near future.

Fighting rising temperatures, melting glaciers, pollution, the increased frequency of droughts and floods is now an imperative requirement even in agriculture and forestry.

The new concept of sustainability in the agricultural sector It must contend with the needs for increased production and global productivity to ensure a significant part of future food security, through a continuous process of adaptation to new agro-climatic conditions by means of practices that also contribute to the effort to mitigate climate change and conserve biodiversity.

In the new CAP programming period
(2023-2027)carbon sequestration in soils will be included among the support schemes.

Climate change


The CARBONCHANGE method enables (given the scientific evidence available at this time) the quantification of the soil organic carbon storage resulting from improvement of
agricultural activity or management technique that is connected to a new and clear-cut removal of CO₂ from the atmosphere. This CO2 removal is assessed
by comparison between the baseline scenario and the alternative one characterized by the most “sustainable” management. CO2 removal and GHG emissions reduction are assessed for each area affected by the accounting
with the CARBONCHANGE method and are expressed in tons of equivalent CO₂.

When applying this method, consideration is given to any GHG (greenhouse gas) emissions that might be recorded outside the area involved in the project, but which are attributable to the adoption of sustainable practices (leakage).

The methodology is designed to ensure a complete, consistent, transparent and conservative quantification, and possible certification by authorized parties, of carbon removals resulting from the adoption of regenerative agricultural practices in crop fields.

The system is configured with a Software as a Service approach that is delivered through the operation of a “Carbon Calculator“. The Software is based on the peer-reviewed model “ARMOSA”, developed by the University of Milan researchers, calibrated and validated in different Italian and European realities.


Carbon calculator with the Armosa model

carbon calculator

The CARBONCHANGE Carbon Calculator establishes the carbon sequestration capacity of the project’s base case soils and quantifies the incremental CO₂ removal and soil storage provided by regenerative practices.

The ARMOSA Crop Systems Simulation Model, on which the CARBONCHANGE Carbon Calculator is based, is a software program that represents, through a series of equations, the dynamic processes of the agroecosystem and how they vary in response to agricultural management, climate, and soil conditions.

The model calculates soil (e.g., organic carbon content, nitrate and ammonia nitrogen, leaching, CO₂ and N₂O emissions) and crop (e.g., yield, aerial biomass, nitrogen content) variables on a daily basis.

The advantages of choosing CARBONCHANGE

Modeling implemented in the software developed by UniMi research and consistent with the most recent scientific acquisitions

Certified service to support
the process of generation
and management of carbon credits

Service delivery
Software as a Service

Cloud-native software interfaces with high scalability and replicability

Integration of upcoming EU regulatory developments (FIT FOR 55 PACKAGE & PAC2023)

Potential market-place for
carbon of carbon credits

Compliant with


CarbonChange s.r.l is an innovative startup with a social vocation recognized as a spin-off of the University of Milan.

The founding team has strong skills in the environmental, agricultural and energy sectors with several years of
entrepreneurial and managerial experience.
The management teamis composed of professionals with years of experience in public and private companies in the environmental field,
in major international companies operating in energy, telecommunications and technology, and of figures with
international experience in the development of startups.
The research and product management teamis composed of figures from the scientific world of the University of Milan,
highly specialized in agricultural and environmental sciences.

Mauro Piazzi

Agriculture and Environment Expert

Stefano Quaranta

Software Developer

Fabrizio Cassi

Soil Science Manager

Andrea Sasso

Strategy & Innovation Entrepreneur

Vlad Alazaroei

Marketing Expert

Francesca Antilici

Rural development & agriculture policy expert

Alessia Perego

Full professor at University of Milan

Marco Acutis

Full professor at University of Milan

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